A Rationale For Major Exporters? Synthesis report of the Coal Transition project This report summarises the main insights from Coal Transitions research project. Firstly, it outlines the growing momentum behind coal transitions around the world, due to economic, technological and policy factors.
The report notes that, with the right policies, coal transitions that are consistent with the goals of the Paris Agreement can be done in an economically affordable and socially acceptable way.
Their reports are available below: Teng Fei Download ii.
Coal Transition in India This report explores pathways, implications and policy options to prepare the Indian coal and energy sectors for a peak and decline in the role of coal during the next decades. Coal Transition in Australia This report explores pathways, implications and policy options for Australia to move beyond domestic coal use during the next 2 decades, as its old coal plant fleet continues to age and renewable energy becomes more competitive.
It also highlights the need to prepare for growing downside risks to its coal export sector as market fundamentals shift in the Asia-Pacific region. Coal Transition in Poland This report explores pathways, implications and policy options for Poland to significantly phase down its domestic coal use by It highlights the opportunities presented by the current economic and labour market context around coal mining in Poland to make a relatively timely shift into alternative energy sources and economic activities.
Coal Transition in Germany This report explores pathways and implications for Germany to phase out its domestic coal use by It highlights lessons from previous German coal transitions in both the former West and East Germany to support the current debate on when and how Germany should achieve an exit from thermal coal.
Modelling of the global steam coal trade under future coal demand scenarios As an internationally traded commodity, the global market for steam coal can be strongly affected by unexpected policy developments in major coal-importing countries, like China, India, or Japan.
This report looks at a range of factors that could shift the future fundamentals of the global steam coal market over the next years as coal transitions gather speed for different reasons.
This paper looks back at the 60 years of steady decline and transition of an industry that once employed more thanpeople.
The second focus lies on the politically driven reduction of lignite production in Eastern Germany due to the reunification in The analysis is hereby divided into the quantitative consideration of the significance of coal for the energy system and the regional economies, as well as an evaluation of implemented political instruments accompanying the reductions in the coal sector.
This analysis of past transitions of mining areas and energy systems in Germany might, however, provide other countries and regions with valuable lessons of how to structure their upcoming coal phase-out period and therefore provides a useful addition to the existing literature.
Yet there is a dearth of policy-focused academic literature on this topic. This paper aims to provide a foundation for filling this gap.
It first provides a definition of transition policy, identifying its key parameters. To move from the possible to the desirable, the paper finally suggests three criteria for normatively evaluating transition policies: This paper argue that issues related to job creation and the cushioning of negative shocks for workers are key for the phasing out of coal in Poland, especially at the regional and local levels.
This paper focuses on coal taxes, investigating both the incentives for implementation and the impacts of withholding supply. It reflects on the effects of coal taxes on CO2 emissions from steam coal, tax revenues, and shifts in the global patterns of consumption, production, and trade of steam coal Coal taxes as supply-side climate policy [PDF — KB] Download V.
Thus, this paper discusses the need for governments to raise their overall ambitions and nationally determined contributions NDCs towards coal transitions and reflects on how they should do it so that it is just for all stakeholders—especially coal sector workers and their communities—whose economic livelihoods depend on the future of an industry that will be in decline.
Strengthening and perhaps formalising these alliances will improve the incentives for political parties to invest in long-term policies in the energy sector.
What policies could be deployed to limit the political economy frictions of power sector transition in China? What would be the potential economic retirement schedule of Chinese coal-fired power plants, given the modelled investment costs, load factors, and margins?In , the Charlotte-Mecklenburg (North Carolina) school district shuttered four of its eight middle schools, opting to serve students in elementary schools spanning kindergarten through grade 8.
Transition words and phrases can help your paper move along, smoothly gliding from one topic to the next. If you have trouble thinking of a way to connect your paragraphs, consider a few of these top transitions as inspiration.
How to make effective transitions between sections of a research paper? There are two distinct issues in making strong transitions: Does the upcoming section actually belong where you have placed it?
Improving Transitions of Care with Health Information Technology Position Paper of the HEALTH INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY.
The Basic Outline of a Paper The following outline shows a basic format for most academic papers. No matter what length the paper needs to be, it should still follow the .
Teno and coauthors investigated changes in end-of-life care (site of death, place of care, and health care transitions) for people who died in , , and via a retrospective study of fee-for-service Medicare beneficiaries.