His book is well-known as a work of popular history. It focuses on a number of recently unearthed and translated historical texts that, in centuries past, were unavailable, such as the Secret History of the Mongols. Genghis Khan and the Making of the Modern World is effectively an extended attempt to rehabilitate the image of Genghis Khan in a much more positive light than is normal for Western historiography.
Genghis Khan, Founder of Mongol Empire: By the time he died, the empire controlled a vast amount of territory in China and central Asia, and its armies had ventured as far west as Kiev in modern-day Ukraine.
All of the images of him that exist were created after his death or by people who otherwise never met him. Additionally, until Genghis Khan gained control over the Uyghur people, the Mongolians did not have a writing system.
As such many of the records that survive of him were written by foreigners. From what modern-day historians can gather he was born sometime around A.
Early life Genghis Khan was born with the name Temujin also spelled Temuchin. At the time, Mongolia was ruled by different clans and tribal groups. Haqqi believed that Temujin lived for some time with his father in-law, although this is a source of debate among scholars.
Temujin, his family and remaining followers were forced to eke out a living on marginal pasturelands, contending with thieves and old rivals of Yesukai hoping to kill his family.
Around the age of 14, Temujin is said to have murdered his half brother Bektor. He overestimated his own strength, and Borte was kidnapped in a raid by a tribe called the Merkit.
Temujin had to seek out the help of his friends Jamuqa and Toghrul also called the Ong Khan or Wang Khan to free her they were both glad to help, as they hated the Merkit. Chinese historical sources say that at some point Temujin was captured by the Jin Dynasty who controlled part of China and was held there for a number of years.
Whether this is accurate or not is unknown. The records do show that around Temujin had allied himself with Toghrul and would launch a campaign against the Tatars, which they defeated in The two would later have a falling out, and Toghrul was killed after his forces were defeated by Temujin.
Temujin also had a falling out with Jamuqa and eventually had him killed also. InTemujin had conquered most of Mongolia and the remaining tribes were forced to acknowledge him as their leader.
Building an empire In the years after taking over Mongolia, Genghis Khan would launch a successful campaign against the Jin Dynasty, taking their capital Zhongdu near modern-day Beijing in He then turned his attention to the west, moving deeper and deeper into central Asia.
Inhe launched a successful campaign against the shah of Khwarezm based in modern-day Iran reportedly with an army of up tomen. Why Genghis Khan felt compelled to launch these campaigns is a matter of debate among scholars. Another idea is that a period of dry weather in Mongolia led to Genghis Khan decision to seize new lands for his people.
Yet another idea is that Genghis Khan felt he had a divine right to conquer the world. While his tactics — the use of the composite bow, cavalry and feigned retreats — were not new, and he had to seek foreign help in order to learn how to conduct siege warfare, Genghis Khan made innovations in the form of government and organization.
He transformed Mongolian society from one based on tribes to one capable of conquering and running an empire. Genghis Khan said that plunder from his campaigns must be shared among his troops and insisted they follow a vigorous training routine focused on hunting. Policies like these helped keep his army together, even when they were a long way from home.
While Genghis Khan was known for his brutality, he often ordered his troops not to harm artisans and to leave clerics alone, respecting holy men of other faiths.The ideas of Genghis Khan, obscured and eroded during the process of their implementation but still glimmering within the Mongol state system, once again came to life, but in a completely new, unrecognizable form after they had received a Byzantine Christian foundation.
Watch video · Genghis Khan was buried without markings, according to the customs of his tribe, somewhere near his birthplace—close to the Onon River and the Khentii Mountains in northern Mongolia. How Genghis Khan Has Changed the World By Paul D.
Buell Center for East Asian Studies, Western Washington University Steppe empires, some of which had embraced considerable territory and had exerted a profound. Nov 11, · Chinggis Khan's establishment of the Mongol Empire revolutionized steppe warfare with the introduction of strict discipline, new tactics, the creation of a military academy, and the expansion of decimal organization.
Genghis Khan: Genghis Khan, Mongolian warrior-ruler, one of the most famous conquerors of history. He was a warrior and ruler of genius who, starting from obscure and insignificant beginnings, brought all the nomadic tribes of Mongolia under the rule of himself and his .
Genghis Khan's Early Life Records of the Great Khan's early life are sparse and contradictory. He was likely born in , though some sources give it as or