She suggested that if the experience did not have these effects it was a sign that the experience was not from god but from the devil i. Could putting the body into a weakened state lead to a person having an auditory or visual experience they believe to be a genuine religious experience? Some observers have raised the issue of how we might prove that an experience is from God i. People have gone on to kill in the name of God based on what these voices apparently tell them i.
Psychologist and philosopher William James described four characteristics of mystical experience in The Varieties of Religious Experience. According to James, such an experience is: Feels outside normal perception of space and time.
Feels to have gained knowledge that is normally hidden from human understanding. Although there are activities, such as meditation see belowthat can make religious experience more likely, it is not something that can be turned on and off at will.
Norman Habel[ edit ] Norman Habel defines religious experiences as the structured way in which a believer enters into a relationship with, or gains an awareness of, the sacred within the context of a particular religious tradition Habel, O'Donoghue and Maddox: Religious experiences are by their very nature preternatural ; that is, out of the ordinary or beyond the natural order of things.
They may be difficult to distinguish observationally from psychopathological states such as psychoses or other forms of altered awareness Charlesworth: Not all preternatural experiences are considered to be religious experiences.
Following Habel's definition, psychopathological states or drug-induced states of awareness are not considered to be religious experiences because they are mostly not performed within the context of a particular religious tradition. Moore and Habel identify two classes of religious experiences: The deity or divine is experienced directly.
Richard Swinburne[ edit ] In his book Faith and Reason, the philosopher Richard Swinburne formulated five categories into which all religious experiences fall: Swinburne also suggested two principles for the assessment of religious experiences: Rudolf Otto[ edit ] The German thinker Rudolf Otto — argues that there is one common factor to all religious experience, independent of the cultural background.
In his book The Idea of the Holy he identifies this factor as the numinous.
|Religious experience - Wikipedia||Types of Religious Experience Reports of religious experiences reveal a variety of different kinds. Perhaps most are visual or auditory presentations visions and auditionsbut not through the physical eyes or ears.|
|Religious Experience | timberdesignmag.com||The term religious experience has been used in three often overlapping senses in the twentieth century: In the first instance, it has competed with the terms piety, devotion, and spirituality.|
|Tutors and online course available now||A special emphasis on the importance of experience in religion is found in the works of such thinkers as Jonathan EdwardsFriedrich Schleiermacherand Rudolf Otto. Basic to the experiential approach is the belief that it allows for a firsthand understanding of religion as an actual force in human life, in contrast with religion taken either as church membership or as belief in authoritative doctrines.|
|What does religious experience mean?||Here are all the possible meanings and translations of the word religious experience. Religious experience A religious experience is a subjective experience in which an individual reports contact with a transcendent reality, an encounter or union with the divine.|
The "numinous" experience has two aspects: The numinous experience also has a personal quality to it, in that the person feels to be in communion with a holy other. Otto sees the numinous as the only possible religious experience.
Otto does not take any other kind of religious experience such as ecstasy and enthusiasm seriously and is of the opinion that they belong to the 'vestibule of religion'. In ecstasy the focus is on the soul leaving the body and to experience transcendental realities.
This type of religious experience is characteristic for the shaman.
A sacred power, being or will enters the body or mind of an individual and possesses it. A person capable of being possessed is sometimes called a medium. The deityspirit or power uses such a person to communicate to the immanent world.1. An experience with religious significance e.g.
the act of worship in a religious setting. 2. A person’s experience of something or a presence beyond themselves.
Richard Swinburne. Swinburne classified five types of religious experience: Public. 1. A normal event interpreted in a religious way e.g. seeing the face of the Virgin Mary on the moon.
2. Vardy's Definition of an Experience "Religious experience is a very broad term. It might refer to a moment of natural wonder ot to exultations during on - Easter Service, the mystical revelation of a Saint, or a conversation, a moment of clarity that changes a life".
1. Types of Religious Experience. Reports of religious experiences reveal a variety of different kinds. Perhaps most are visual or auditory presentations (visions and auditions), but .
'A religious experience involves some kind of "perception" of the invisible world, or a perception that some visible person or thing is a manifestation of the invisible world' Edward Schleiermacher's definition.
RELIGIOUS EXPERIENCE RELIGIOUS EXPERIENCE. The term religious experience has been used in three often overlapping senses in the twentieth century: (1) to refer descriptively to the subjective aspect of a tradition or religion in general; (2) to describe the "common core" of religion in general; and (3) to assert a claim with respect to the source of religious knowledge or certainty.
First, religious experience is to be distinguished from religious feelings, in the same way that experience in general is to be distinguished from feelings in general. A feeling of elation, for example, even if it occurs in a religious context, does not count in itself as a religious experience, even if the subject later comes to think that the feeling was caused by some objective reality of religious significance.