See Article History Alternative Title: His inspiration came chiefly from historical or contemporary events or literature, and a visit to Morocco in provided him with further exotic subjects. Early life Delacroix was the fourth child of Victoire Oeben, a descendant of the Oeben-Riesener family, which had created furniture for the French king and court in the 17th and 18th centuries, and of Charles Delacroix, a government official, who was ambassador to Holland in and who died in while prefect of Bordeaux. Up to age 17 he pursued classical studies.
Massacre at ChiosLouvre Delacroix's painting of the massacre at Chios shows sick, dying Greek civilians about to be slaughtered by the Turks.
One of several paintings he made of this contemporary event, expressed the official policy for Eugene de la croix Greek cause in their war of independence against the Turks, war sustained by English, Russian and French governments. Delacroix was quickly recognized by the authorities as a leading painter in the new Romantic style, and the picture was bought by the state.
His depiction of suffering was controversial, however, as there was no glorious event taking place, no patriots raising their swords in valour as in David's Oath of the Horatiionly a disaster.
Many critics deplored the painting's despairing tone; the artist Antoine-Jean Gros called it "a massacre of art".
A viewing of the paintings of John Constable and the watercolour sketches and art of Richard Parkes Bonnington prompted Delacroix to make extensive, freely painted changes to the sky and distant landscape.
A hand is seen at the bottom, the body having been crushed by rubble. The painting serves as a monument to the people of Missolonghi and to the idea of freedom against tyrannical rule. This event interested Delacroix not only for his sympathies with the Greeks, but also because the poet Byronwhom Delacroix greatly admired, had died there.
At roughly the same time, Delacroix was creating romantic works of numerous themes, many of which would continue to interest him for over thirty years. Byhe was producing lithographs illustrating Shakespeare, and soon thereafter lithographs and paintings from Goethe's Faust.
Paintings such as The Combat of the Giaour and Hassanand Woman with Parrotintroduced subjects of violence and sensuality which would prove to be recurrent. Delacroix's painting of the death of the Assyrian king Sardanapalus shows an emotionally stirring scene alive with beautiful colours, exotic costumes and tragic events.
The Death of Sardanapalus depicts the besieged king watching impassively as guards carry out his orders to kill his servants, concubines and animals. The literary source is a play by Byron, although the play does not specifically mention any massacre of concubines.
The painting, which was not exhibited again for many years afterward, has been regarded by some critics[ who?
Especially shocking is the struggle of a nude woman whose throat is about to be cut, a scene placed prominently in the foreground for maximum impact.
However, the sensuous beauty and exotic colours of the composition make the picture appear pleasing and shocking at the same time. Set in an immense vaulted interior which Delacroix based on sketches of the Palais de Justice in Rouen and Westminster Hallthe drama plays out in chiaroscuro, organized around a brilliantly lit stretch of tablecloth.
Delacroix felt his composition more vividly as a whole, thought of his figures and crowds as types, and dominated them by the symbolic figure of Republican Liberty which is one of his finest plastic inventions Although Delacroix was inspired by contemporary events to invoke this romantic image of the spirit of liberty, he seems to be trying to convey the will and character of the people,  rather than glorifying the actual event, the revolution against Charles Xwhich did little other than bring a different king, Louis-Philippeto power.
The warriors lying dead in the foreground offer poignant counterpoint to the symbolic female figure, who is illuminated triumphantly, as if in a spotlight. Nonetheless, Delacroix still received many government commissions for murals and ceiling paintings.
He went not primarily to study art, but to escape from the civilization of Paris, in hopes of seeing a more primitive culture. He believed that the North Africans, in their attire and their attitudes, provided a visual equivalent to the people of Classical Rome and Greece: The Greeks and Romans are here at my door, in the Arabs who wrap themselves in a white blanket and look like Cato or Brutus While in TangierDelacroix made many sketches of the people and the city, subjects to which he would return until the end of his life.
Musical Inspirations[ edit ] Delacroix drew inspiration from many sources over his career, such as the literary works of William Shakespeare and Lord Byron, or the artistry of Michelangelo.
But from beginning to end of his life, he was in part characterized by a constant need for music, saying in"nothing can be compared with the emotion caused by music; that it expresses incomparable shades of feeling.
It was often in music, in the most melancholy renditions of Chopin, or the "pastoral" works of Beethoven that Delacroix was often able to draw the most emotion and inspiration. At one point during his life, Delacroix befriended and made portraits of the composer Chopin; in his journal, Delacroix praised him frequently.
His first large-scale treatment of a scene from Greek mythology, the painting depicts Medea clutching her children, dagger drawn to slay them in vengeance for her abandonment by Jason.
The three nude figures form an animated pyramid, bathed in a raking light which penetrates the grotto in which Medea has hidden. For the next ten years he painted in both the Library at the Palais Bourbon and the Library at the Palais du Luxembourg. In he decorated the Church of St. From to he worked on frescoes for the Chapelle des Anges at the Church of St.
In addition to his home in Paris, from he also lived at a small cottage in Champrosaywhere he found respite in the countryside. From until his death, he was faithfully cared for by his housekeeper, Jeanne-Marie le Guillou, who zealously guarded his privacy, and whose devotion prolonged his life and his ability to continue working in his later years.
In addition to Delacroix, the committee was composed of the painters Carrier-Belleuse and Puvis de Chavannes. On a trip to Champrosay, he met a friend on the train and became exhausted after having a conversation.Born in a town near Paris, Eugene Delacroix was the child of Charles-Francois and Victoire Oeben.
He had three siblings who were much older than he was. There were some speculations that the Delacroix's biological father was a man named Talleyrand, as Charles-Francois suffered from infertility at the time Eugene was conceived.
Eugène Delacroix, in full Ferdinand-Eugène-Victor Delacroix, (born April 26, , Charenton-Saint-Maurice, France—died August 13, , Paris), the greatest French Romantic painter, whose use of colour was influential in the development of both Impressionist and Post-Impressionist painting.
Considered the leader of the French Romantic school of painting, Eugene Delacroix was a prolific artist, producing over 9, works during his lifetime, ranging from paintings, to Birth place: Charenton (Saint-Maurice, Val-de-Marne), Île-de-France, France. Considered the leader of the French Romantic school of painting, Eugene Delacroix was a prolific artist, producing over 9, works during his lifetime, ranging from paintings, to Birth place: Charenton (Saint-Maurice, Val-de-Marne), Île-de-France, France.
Romantic painter Eugène Delacroix was once described by the French poet Charles Baudelaire as “a volcanic crater artistically concealed beneath bouquets of flowers.” While drawing on Classical history and mythology—a favorite theme of Neoclassical artists—Delacroix was praised for his work’s spontaneity and power, vivid color, and pathos of timberdesignmag.comality: French.
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