Deterrence refers to the measures to prevent and protect a country from various threats such as other countries and terrorists.
British military theorist B. Impressed yet befogged, they grasped at his vivid leading phrases, seeing only their surface meaning, and missing the deeper current of his thought. It is the antithesis in a dialectical argument whose thesis is the point — made earlier in the analysis — that "war is nothing but a duel [or wrestling match, a better translation of the German Zweikampf] on a larger scale.
This synthesis lies in his "fascinating trinity" [wunderliche Dreifaltigkeit]: In fact, he never used the term "total war": In what he Deterrence and diplomacy essay a "logical fantasy," war cannot be waged in a limited way: But in the real world, he said, such rigid logic is unrealistic and dangerous.
As a practical matter, the military objectives in real war that support political objectives generally fall into two broad types: One analysis was that of Panagiotis Kondylisa Greek-German writer and philosopher, who opposed the interpretations of Raymond Aron in Penser la Guerre, Clausewitz, and other liberal writers.
One example of a heavy Clausewitzian influence in that era is Spenser Wilkinsonjournalist, the first Chichele Professor of Military History at Oxford University, and perhaps the most prominent military analyst in Britain from c.
Liddell Hart in the s erroneously attributed to him the doctrine of "total war" that during the First World War had been embraced by many Deterrence and diplomacy essay general staffs and emulated by the British.
More recent scholars typically see that war as so confused in terms of political rationale that it in fact contradicts much of On War. With some interesting exceptions e. JohnstonHoffman NickersonClausewitz had little influence on American military thought before other than via British writers, though Generals Eisenhower and Patton were avid readers.
In describing the essence of war, Marxism-Leninism takes as its point of departure the premise that war is not an aim in itself, but rather a tool of politics.
Consequently, it remains only to subordinate the military point of view to the political".
The whole Marxist conception of history is that of successive struggles for power, primarily between social classes.
This was constantly applied by Lenin in a variety of contexts. The fate of the socialist movement was to be decided by a struggle between the revolutionists and the reformers.
For Eisenhower, the age of nuclear weapons had made what was for Clausewitz in the early 19th century only a theoretical vision an all too real possibility in the midth century.
Philanthropists may easily imagine there is a skilful method of disarming and overcoming an enemy without causing great bloodshed, and that this is the proper tendency of the art of War.
However plausible this may appear, still it is an error which must be extirpated; for in such dangerous things as war, the errors which proceed from a spirit of benevolence are just the worst.
As the use of physical power to the utmost extent by no means excludes the co-operation of the intelligence, it follows that he who uses force unsparingly, without reference to the quantity of bloodshed, must obtain a superiority if his adversary does not act likewise.
By such means the former dictates the law to the latter, and both proceed to extremities, to which the only limitations are those imposed by the amount of counteracting force on each side.
No two powers have used nuclear weapons against each other, instead using conventional means or proxy wars to settle disputes.
If such a conflict did occur, presumably both combatants would be annihilated. Heavily influenced by the war in Vietnam and by antipathy to American strategist Henry Kissingerthe American biologist, musician, and game-theorist Anatol Rapoport argued in that a Clausewitzian view of war was not only obsolete in the age of nuclear weapons, but also highly dangerous as it promoted a "zero-sum paradigm" to international relations and a "dissolution of rationality" amongst decision-makers.
Clausewitz did not focus solely on wars between countries with well-defined armies. It is also a pointless attack on a concept that is quite useful in its own right. In any case, their failure to read the actual wording of the theory they so vociferously attack, and to grasp its deep relevance to the phenomena they describe, is hard to credit.
Foresterthe protagonist meets Clausewitz during the events surrounding the defence of Riga In That Hideous Strength by C. LewisLord Feverstone Dick Devine defends rudely cutting off another professor by saying "[ Total war is the most humane in the long run.
In The Wars by Timothy Findleya novel about a year-old Canadian officer who serves in the First World War, one of his fellow soldiers reads On Warand occasionally quotes some of its passages.
In the Ethan Stark military science fiction book series by John G. HemryClausewitz is often quoted by Private Mendoza and his father Lieutenant Mendoza to explain events that unfold during the series.
Bob Dylan mentions Clausewitz on pages 41 and 45 of his Chronicles: Volume Onesaying he had "a morbid fascination with this stuff," that "Clausewitz in some ways is a prophet" and reading Clausewitz can make you "take your own thoughts a little less seriously.
Schnurrbart, in which they refer to German philosophers and their views on war. The film was released on DVD in In Crimson Tidethe naval officers of the nuclear submarine have a discussion about the meaning of the quote "War is a continuation of politics by other means.
In Downfallset during the last days of the Third Reich, Hitler initiates Operation Clausewitzas part of the last defence of Berlin In Lions for Lambsduring a military briefing in Afghanistan Lt. Falco Peter Berg says:A friend of mine sent me this blog (see the URL below) from one of India’s most respected newspapers, The Hindu.
I read all essays and books that deal with radicalization and that of deradicalization.
A citizen armed force – A citizen armed force is important in protecting Singapore from potential aggressors because it teaches Singaporeans the importance and ways to defend the country. In the post-independence years, Singapore was faced with many challenges and it was decided that Singapore should set up a citizen armed force.
In , National Service was introduced. Social Studies Deterrence and Diplomacy Essay. Deterrence Singapore’s deterrence policy is based on being prepared for any form of threats while developing diplomatic relationships with as many countries as possible - Social Studies Deterrence and Diplomacy Essay introduction.
Deterrence refers to the measures to prevent and protect a country from various threats such as other countries and.
Mutual assured destruction or mutually assured destruction (MAD) is a doctrine of military strategy and national security policy in which a full-scale use of nuclear weapons by two or more opposing sides would cause the complete annihilation of both the attacker and the defender (see pre-emptive nuclear strike and second strike).
It is based on the theory of deterrence. ROBERT JERVIS is Adlai E. Stevenson Professor of International Affairs at Columbia University. MIRA RAPP-HOOPER is a Senior Fellow at the Paul Tsai China Center and a Senior Research Scholar at Yale Law School.
Research My principle research agenda is the social scientific study on the role of diplomacy and its institutions in international disputes and conflict resolution.